Rice Hulling

Similar to wheat, rice grows with a bran layer and an outer hull covering the kernel. For the grain to be edible, the hull must be removed in the hulling process. An unnecessary second step, polishing, removes the bran and the germ, ami along with them, much ot the grain's B-vitaniin content. Rice that is hulled but unpolished is called brown rice. Both the hulling anil polishing processes require a milling action, often by two rollers rubbing the kerne! between them. Most hullers are designed for power operation. but a few hand-operated models are still being made.

SOURCES OF RICE HULLERS

Java Hand-Powered Rice Huller

This is a small machine intended for the grower of small quantities oi rice paddy, and tor domestic use. It replaces a model called the Paddy. Pounder. Paddy can be shelled at a maximum rate of about 30 pounds (14 kilograms) ail hour, but the capacity may vary considerably depending on the type of rice ami its condition. The machine has three adjustments controlling the feed, the discharge, and the hulling knife. A perforated plate allows dust to escape, and the machine c;:n be opened easily for cleaning. Strongly made, its net weight is 23 pounds (10.5 kilograms), and it is provided with holding-down screws and spanners.

John Gordon it Co. (Engineers, Ltd.) I'Jfia High St.

Hand Rice Huller
Java Hand-Powered Rice Huller John Gordon

CeCoCo Two-Man Rice Huller

Two men operating the hand levers will rotate this huller at 3,500 to 4,000 rpm, hulling

250 kilogram» per hour with 90 percent hulling efficiency. Net weight: 60 kilograms

250 kilogram» per hour with 90 percent hulling efficiency. Net weight: 60 kilograms

Cecoco Japan
CeCoCo Two-Man fisee Huller

CeCoCo Hand Si<c Polisher Type E

Operated cither by hand or by a i/, h.p. moto.iv the Type E Polisher will polish uniiulled rice that bus already been dried and winnowed. Capacity is 10 to 15 kilograms per hour by hand, and 30 kilograms with a motor. Weight: 22 ki lograins.

CeCoCo Hand Rice Polisher Type E

CeCoCo Hand-Hulled Rice Separator and Sorter

Constructed of steel and easily dismantled for storage, the four models of this sorter have capacities ranging from 20 to 32 bushels per hour. Hulied rice is fed into a hopper, and while sliding across the surface of the piano-wire screen, it will separate iiUu whole hulled nee, unhuucd

Homemade Separator Paddy
CeCoCo Hand-Hulled Hice Separator and Sorter

rice, tuihjlled paddy rice and immature rice, mud, and sand. It may also be used to sort polished rice for grading.

CeCoCo

P.O. 15o\ lbaraki City Osaka Pref. :">G7, japan

Amuda Rice Hullers

These power-driven machines can be used as hullers alone or supplied with polishing attachments. Three models are available, requiring 5, 12, or 15 h.p. They will hull rice from the paddy or shelled rice. From the paddy, the smallest liuller will produce 86 to 15 pounds of cleaned licc; the middle, 186 to 20-1 pounds; the largest, 250 to 295 pounds per hour. When using shelled rice, production capacity is a little less than double those amounts per hour.

Rajan Trading Co, P.O. Box 250 Madras 600 001, India

Grantex Rice Hullers

Three sizes of Grantex hullers are made. The smallest, requiring 5 h.p., produces 80 to 100 pounds of polished rice per hour. The amount is doubled if shelled rice is being polished. The two larger models utilize 12 and 15 h.p., respectively; they produce 300 to 450 and 500 to 650 pounds per hour. The two larger models can

Cecoco Osaka Japan

Grantex Rice Huller I .civis C. Grant. Lid.

product' ftve separate ptodtu is directly from the paddy: white »'ice. coarse meal, fine flour, bran, and husk, Optional extras include polishers, aspiraior,, fans, drive units, and reciprocating sieves.

Lewis C. Grant, Ltd. East Quality St., Dvsart Kirkcaldy, Fife, KYI 2UA U.K.

Iseki Rice Polishers

The iseki Model JE25 is an automatic, cabinet body machine. Horsepower required to operate the polisher is 4 to 5, and 300 to 350 kilograms of rice can be polished per hour. The manufacturers recommend combined use with a rice huller, but state that it can also be used as a rice-hulling and -polishing machine. Three

Grantex Rice Huller I .civis C. Grant. Lid.

largei models are available, either in cabinet or strip enclosures. Efficiency ranges from 300 to 1,000 kilograms per hour. None of the Iseki models include their own power units.

Iseki Agricultural Machinery Mfg. Co., Ltd. 1-3, Xihonbashi 2-chome, Chuo ku Tokyo, 103 Japan

CeCoCo Automatic Rice Hullers and Combinations

CeCoCo, with its wide variety of all types of machines, offers seven automatic rice processors, with many sizes of each type. Their automatic liullers feature rubber rollers, which they claim will increase output recovery of hulled rice IS to 20 percent. They also recommend that rubber-rolled rice be stored and shipped as brown rice, with ally polishing to he done at the destination of die shipment to avoid deterioration of the product.

t. Rubber Roll Rice Midler: The original model consists of a hulling head and installation bed. Separation of brown rite and husks is necessary. Seven models are available, idolizing I to 10 h.p. or V-belt drive: capacities range from 500 to 4,000 kilograms per hour in paddy.

Combination: Three models, with or without suction husk exhaust, are ottered. The basic unit includes a huller and husk winnower. The suction exhaust model is recommended for use in buildings. The three sizes utilize from 2 to 5 h.p., with capacities ranging from 500 to 2,000 kilograms per hour.

3. Automatic KL-A: l itis self-contained unit includes hulling head, winnower, double elevator, separator, and rice elevator. The smaller model requires 1 to 5 h.p. and produces fiOO to 700 kilograms per hour; the larger requires :"> to (J h.p. and produces 1,000 to 1,200 kilograms per hour.

1. Automatic AM and ME: These are miniaturized versions of the complete unit, suitable for a single farmer or a group of farmers. The one-body construction includes lutUer, winnower, and separator.

Three larger rubber roller units, having hourly capacities of 1,200 to 1,000 kilograms, arc also available,

C.ei loCo

P.O. Box 8, Ibaraki City Osaka Pref. 567, Japan

Nogueira Rural Rice .Mill

The Nogueira Rice Mill husks and polishes lice, then separates polished rice, husks, rice bran, and broken rice. It will utilize a 3 h.p. electric motor, a 0 to 9 h.p. gasoline motor or a 5 to 8 h.p. diesel-oil motor. Production capacity is approximately 2 sacks {60 kilos or 132 pounds) per hour. The cabinet is metal and weighs 236 kilograms.

CIMAO: Comercio e Industria de Maquinas

Agricolas Ltda. Rua Padre Roque no.0 1,8-10, Mogi-Mirim S.P. Brazil

Genuine Engelberg Combined Rice Huller and Polisher Number 3

Powered by Hat belt-drive pulley, this 3 h.p. machine wilt, in a single operation, hull, scour, and polish rice as it is received from the thresher. All optional built-on exhauster is available to carry away c haff and dust.

This item is suggested for small mill operators or larger growers. The No. 3 has a capacity of 80 to 100 pounds of rough rice per hour, and two larger models arc capable of up to 700 pounds per hour.

Genuine Engleberg Huller Number 4

Similar in design to the No. 3 Rice Huller and Polisher, the No. 4 does not contain the polisher attachment. Two larger models of luilk'i s are also available.

Engleberg Huller Co. Division P.O. Box 277 Factoryville, PA 18419

Tools for Adding Organic Matter to the Soil

To the practitioners of today's chemical agriculture, a fertilizer is a substance that has a measurable quantity of at least one of the major nutrients required by growing plants. The most widely used chemical fertilizers are those which contain three primary plant nutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in varying combinations.

Organic growers, on the other hand, rely oil natural fertilizers to maintain and replenish all the elements in their soil that are necessary to plant growth. They view soil fertility as a broader, more complex concept which involves not only specific plant nutrients, but also organic matter, the living organisms present in the soil, and the very structure of the soil itself. To them, humus content and tilth are important aspects of soil fertility. Unlike those farmers who employ chemical fertilizers to supply their crops with specific nutrients in forms that are readily available, organic farmers use a variety of natural materials to maintain and improve overall soil quality. In litis way, soil fertility and health are improved even as crop yields increase.

Direct application of livestock manures has been the farmer's traditional approach to return-

Horse Drawn Manure Spreader

hig organic materials to the soil. Originally, manure was spread over the soil surface from a cart, with a many-tined pitchfork called a manure fork. Then came the development of the manure spreader, a horse-drawn cart with a ground-driven set of chopping blades in the rear. Manure fed into the blades was chopped into small pieces and evenly distributed onto the field-

SOURCES OF MANURE SPREADERS

Most manure spreaders made today are designed for pulling behind large tractors beyond the scope of this hook. They are easy to locate through most agricultural equipment dealers. Farm auctions are the hest source for smaller units iu North America.

Uebler Mini

One company to appear with a mini manure spreader, requiring only the power of an 8 to 12 h.p. tractor, is Uebler. Their smallest model has a capacity of 18 bushels which it distributes under power from its own 4 h.p. gasoline engine or a power take-off shaft. Their next size larger has a 50-bushel capacity.

Uebler Mini Manure Spreader Uebler Manufacturing Co.

New Idea

The smallest manure spreaders put out by New Idea are a 138-bushel model with the combined chopping action of a cylinder and paddle, and a 146-bushel, single-beater model.

AVCO. New Idea Corp., Farm Equipment Div. First & Sycamore Coldwater, OH 45828

OrBilt Manure Spreader

The main beater of this spreader is made from heavy channel iron. These channels are

Uebler Mini Manure Spreader Uebler Manufacturing Co.

Manure Pipe

welded around the beater pipe in two opposing spirals. This beater will tear «pan the toughest manure, whether it is from a feedlot or pen, even if it is frozen. Strings don't catch or hang on this heater as they do on others. A lower-splash blade beater has the specific purpose of breaking up and scattering both liquid and clumps. This lower beater is particularly useful if you are spreading on a hay field or some other place where large hint]« could smother patches of a crop.

The sliding pusher and false front emlgate move as one unit to the rear of the box. The speed is controlled from the tractor seat by a variable flow, hydraulic valve. The pusher, replacing the traditional conveyer apron, is the heart of the entire machine. Part of the hydraulic cylinder is enclosed by the center housing

Bark Spreader Machine
OrBiU Manure Spreader O'Reilly Manufacturing

of the sliding pusher; the other part extends out over the tractor hitch. The entire inside of the box is lined with tough plastic. Manure does not penetrate or stick to the plastic, nor does it freeze to plastic as it does to wood or steel.

O'Reilly Manufacturing Rt. 3

Goodhue, MN 55027

Prototype Material Spreader

Charles E. Fox, of Jonesboro, Louisiana, has invented a spreader wagon that hitches to a tractor and distributes material such as pulverised chicken fertilizer, sawdust, or ground bark. It is a two-wheeled cart witli a series of arched platforms in its bed that funnel material onto a conveyor belt, and then through, a gauging or measuring device. The gauge limits the amount of material laid per foot. The belt can be disconnected for transport. Mr. Fox is currently seeking a manufacturer for his spreader ivith the help and guidance of the Raymond Lee Organization His invention, covered by a patent application pending in the United States Patent Office, is designed primarily for organic farmers.

Charles Fox Rt. 3, Box 77 jonesboro, LA 71251

Raymond Lee Organization, Int.

230 Park Ave.

New York, NY 10017

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