Seed Oil Presses

Pressing oil from seeds requires much more force than what's needed to press cane or sorghum. Prior to pressing, the seeds are ground or mashed and often heated in water until the water boils. Some oil may have collected on the surface of the water; this should be skimmed off and saved. The ground, cooked seed mash is then put in a cloth bag and pressed. A second boiling and pressing could yield a bit more oil.

Unfortunately, we have not been able to locate any sources of oil presses presently under manufacture in the United States, although many people are seeking such units.

SOURCES OF OIL PRESSES

Lik Lik Bttk Press

The Papua, New Guinea Lik Lik Buk (distributed by VITA, 3600 Rhode Island Avenue, Mount Rainier, MD 20822) pictured this oil press design as a build-it-vourself suggestion for villagers. It was designed as a sturdy unit which will exert a great deal o( pressure on a small

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amount ai seeds. Reducing the capacity raises the amount of pressure generated for any given torque r-u the operating arms and downward thrust of the piston.

CeC'oCo CHI Mill

CeCoCo provides equipment for alt stages of the oil-expelling process. A Seed Scorcher is used for drying the product, to reduce its moisture content to I or 5 percent. The oil expelling is done by tightening a strew worm, either by hand or motor. Finally, a filter press is used for filtering the raw crude oil through filter cloths and papers. This system worts for many kinds of heaus and seeds including rape, mustard, sesame, cotton, and sunflower seeds, and palm pericarp, peanuts, castor beans, and dried coconut, or copra.

SPECIFICATIONS FOR CECOCO OIL MILL MACHINERY

Machine's

Capacity

Power

Dimension in mm

Net

Gross

Shipping

\?ame

Type

perhour

Required

Rpm

Height

Width

Length

Weight

Weight Measurement

Crusher

AA

600 kg

2 h.p.

M00

560

395

640

75 kg

115 kg

10 cu. ft.

Seed

L

5 bu.

1 h.p.

150

1 ft.X 4 ft. 0 Vessel

436 kg

633 kg

57 cu. ft.

Scorcher "

S

Sbu.

J 50

1 ft. X 3 ft. </> Vessel

115 kg

160 kg

31 cu. ft.

H-3

3-6 kg

Hand

Proper

520

260

600

27 kg

43 kg

4 cu. ft.

New 52

45-55 kg

3 h.p.

300

520

1,000

150 kg

200 kg

14 cu. ft.

Oil

NewM

120-140 kg

5 h.p. .

350

700

560

1,050

170 kg

220 kg

22 cu. ft.

Expeller "

H-54

550-180 kg

7%h.p.

600

700

700

1,250

430 kg

520 kg

31 cu. ft.

HX-200

250 kg

10h.p.

450

980

800

1,920

880 kg

1,080 kg

90cu.ft.

C

600-800 kg

15-20

1,000

1,180

960

3,000

3,600 kg

4,000 kg

120 cu. ft.

Filter

A

12 gal.

%h.p.

170

7" X 7"

X 10" chamber

125 kg

175 kg

9 cu. ft.

Press

B

40 gal.

1 h.p.

200

12" X 12

"X 14"

chamber

340 kg

500 kg

25 cu. ft.

When inquiring about an oil mill plant, please let CeCoCo know: (a) name of raw material to expel oil; (b) desired capacity per hour or 24 hours in raw material; (c) how you will use the oil produced; (d) whether you need group-driven or individual-driven equipment; if motor driven, also specify phase, voltage, frequency, current, and other details,.

When inquiring about an oil mill plant, please let CeCoCo know: (a) name of raw material to expel oil; (b) desired capacity per hour or 24 hours in raw material; (c) how you will use the oil produced; (d) whether you need group-driven or individual-driven equipment; if motor driven, also specify phase, voltage, frequency, current, and other details,.

COFFEE PROCESSING MACHINERY

Coffee cherries, the ripened fruit of the coffee shrub, each contain two coffee beans. Two different techniques are utilized to remove the covering and pulp to produce clean coffee beans, the desired product.

The wet process begins with the pulping of the fruit by a pulping machine or pulper. Additional operations involving fermentation and washing may be needed to remove the pulp residue that remains. The seeds are then dried in the sun or in driers, until the moisture content has reached 12 percent. The seed parch-

CeCoCo

P.O. Box 8, Ibaraki City Osaka Pref, 567, Japan

Table Oil Expeller

Four models of oil expellers are available from S. P. Engineering. Two presses, each with a 5 h.p. motor, yield 30 or 40 kilograms per hour, and two with 5 h.p, motors yield 50 or 55 kilograms per hour. All four units operate at 450 rpm.

S. P. Engineering Corp. P.O. Box 218,79/7 Latouche Road Kanpur, India merit is then removed in additional mechanical operations.

The dry process begins with the drying of the ripened fruit, eitlier in the sun or driers. When the fruits are dry, hullers are used to remove the seed coverings. Graders are then used to separate varieties, sizes, and shapes of coffee beans offering a standard of sale.

SOURCES OF COFFEE PULPERS

IRIMA-67 Disc Coffee Pulper

This small machine pulps the coffee by squeezing the cherries between the rotating disc and the fixed pulping chop. The disc is of smaller diameter than standard and carries bulbs on one face only. Normally, the disc has cast-iron bulks of No. 75 pattern suitable for Robusta and Arabica coffees. Alternative discs can be supplied for use with Arabica and Liberica varieties.

The capacity of the machine is 594 to 792 pounds (270 to 360 kilograms) an hour of ripe coffee cherries, which should be fed into the machine with water on the same day as it is

John Gordon Machine
IRIMA-67 John Gordon

picked. The kilograms).

machine weighs 55 pounds (25

DG Disc Coffee Pulper

The 1)G uillee pulper is a single-disc machine which employs pulping bars and a pulping disc. The bars are straight, with a renewable steel edge, and are fitted with a cam device for ease in setting the chop relative to the disc. It has an index to enable the setting to be found again easily, and the chops are readily removable for cleaning.

Coffee Disk Pulper
DG Disc Coffee Pulper John Gordon

For treating Robusta and Arabica coffees, copper discs No. 75 or cast-iron bulbed discs No. P75LC are available. For other varieties, copper discs only are supplied, No. 71 for Liberica and No. 77 for coffees allied to Liberica but slightly smaller, or for large Arabica.

The machine can pulp up to 1,540 pounds (700 kilograms) of ripe coffee cherries per hour.

They should he fed to the pulper with an abundance of water an the same day as (hey are puked. The IX> pulper has a net weight of 294 pounds (1 'iS kilograms),

Estrella Coffee Pulper

This is a cylindrical coffee pulper, which squeezes the coffee cherries between the rotating, embossed cylinder and the fixed breast. It is made in two models- In one, a stirrer is fitted in the hopper, which has no stone trap. In the other, the hopper has a stone trap but no stirrer. In both i,-odels, the distance between the breast and the cylinder is adjustable. The machine is suitable for Arabica and Robusta coffees, but not for Liberica. It can pulp up to 594 pounds (270 kilograms) of ripe coffee cherries an hour depending on type and condition. The coffee should be pulped the same day as it is picked and fed to the machine with water. The machine with stirrer weighs 103 pounds (47 kilograms) and without stirrer, 85 pounds (38 kilograms).

Coffee Pulping
Estrella Coffee Pulper John Gordon

MTOTO Coffee Pulper

This small coffee pulper is intended for use on small plantations but is also useful for treating the first crop on larger plantations. It is of

Liberica Coffee Plantation
MTOTO Coffee Pulper Joint Gordon

tlte cylindrical type. The machine is suitable for Arabica and Robusta coffees, but not Liberica, and can pulp up to 100 pounds (45 kilograms) of ripe coffee cherries each hour. The cherries should be fed into the machine with water on the day they are picked. The working surface of the breast is machined, and the iron barrel has a renewable embossed cover.

A different version of the MTOTO called the Starlet Major is available without a stirrer but with a stone trap.

The machine weighs 34 pounds (15.5 kilograms).

All the above pulpers are available from: John Gordon & Co. (Engineers, Ltd.) 196a High St. Epping, Essex, England

Atom Coffee Pulper

This pulper is suitable for Arabica and Robusta coffees, but not suitable for Liberica coffee. Its output of ripe cherry pulp is 55 kilograms per hour. Weight: 15 kilograms.

McKinnon Number I Disc Pulper

This model is fitted with ball bearings, cast-iron disc, flywheel, and handle for hand operation.

Both models available from: William McKinnon &Co„ Ltd. Spring Garden Iron Works Aberdeen, AB9 LDU, U.K.

Baby Pulper

The Baby Model No. 2 yields 127 kilograms per hour and No. 2i/2 yields 254 kilograms per hour. No. 21/2 is hand-operated and can be supplied with a flywheel grooved for V-belt power drive.

aiunbeam Pulper

This unit is power-driven with an output of 550 to 650 kilograms per hour when driven by a I h.p. engine.

The above models are manufactured by:

Maklon

SOURCES OF COFFEE HULLERS AND SEPARATORS

Engelberg Huller Company carries two sizes of coffee hullers and separators. These ball- or roller-bearing machines will hull coffee in the whole (coco) cherry or parchment form, separate and discharge the hulls, and deliver cleaned coffee beans.

Model No. I has a capacity of 1,600 pounds per hour for pulped colfee, and uses 10 to 12 h.p. Model 0, using 15 to 18 h.p., has a capacity of 3,400 pounds per hour. This larger model is also available with tight and loose pulleys.

Engelberg Huller, Co., Division U.S. Route 11, P.O. Box 277 Facioryville, PA 18419

Number 5 African Huller

This model's output of clean coffee from dry cherries is 114 kilograms per hour. Output of clean coffee from parchment coffee is 127 kilograms per hour.

Power required is 5 h.p. The No. 5 weighs 216 kilograms. Larger models are also available.

Number 10 Africa Coffee Huller

This coffee huller can be conveniently operated by hand power and is ideal for small-scale farmers. It is normally fitted with two handles but it can also be supplied fitted with a pulley 229 millimeters in diameter by 76 millimeters wide, requiring 1.5 h.p. The machine can shell dry cherry coffee and also parchment coffee. It will treat Arabica, Robusta, and Liberica varieties,

Bukoba Coffee Huller

although with baud power, dry cherry Liberica toffee is too difficult to shell. The machine is fitted with two adjustable ladling blades, a iced slide- atid a weight to regulate the pressure on the discharge door, all of which are adjustable to ebtain optimum performance. A perforated plate, which is easily detachable for cleaning purposes, is fitted to the bottom of the machine. Dust and small flakes of shell pass through it. The coffee is delivered shelled but mixed with large flakes of shell; it should be winnowed afterward.

Dry cherry Arabica coffee can be shelled at the rate of -IK pounds (22 kilograms) of clean coffee ati hour, and parchment Arabica collet at the rate of 79 pounds (36 kilograms) an hour. For Robusfa, these outputs ate about 30 percent more, and for Liberica about 30 percent k-ss. The machine has a net weight of 95 pounds (43 kilograms).

Bukoba Coffee Huller

This small huller is designed for shelling dry cherry coffee, but it will also shell parchment coffee. Its use is indicated for small -scale farmers, and as a sampling machine for larger mills.

Coffee Huller
Bukoba Coffee Huller John Cordon

The machine is strongly constructed and has no adjustments. The coffee is simply ted to it and the handle turned. The shelled coffee is discharged mixed with the shells and dust and must then be winnowed and sieved. Dry cherry coffee can be shelled at the rate of 20 pounds (9 kilograms) of clean coffee an hour. Parchment coffee can be shelled at the rate of 60 pounds (27 kilograms) an hour. The coffee must be quite dry and crisp when fed to the machine, which is not suitable for the treatment of Liberica coffee. The net weight of the machine is 29 pounds (13.5 kilograms).

Coffeesheller
Limprimita Coffee Skeller John Gordon

Limprimita Coffee Sheller

This is a small huller which is very useful in coffee-cleaning mills and also to those coffee buyers who purchase parchment or dry cherry coffee. According to the manufacturer, the advantage of this model over other sampling machines is that any quantity from one bean to several kilograms can be shelled rapidly, completely, and safely.

A ribbed roller operates in conjunction with an adjustable, flexible block. The lightest pres sure consistent with good performance is applied hv adjusting this block. The roller is turned before the coffee is fed into the machine, and this should be done gradually and evenly. The coffee ts discharged mixed with the loose shells, and should then be winnowed. The machine should be fixed firmly to a table. It is 17 inches (43 centimeters) high and its net weight is 29 pounds (13 kilograms).

The above hullers are manufactured by: John Gordon & Co. (Engineers, Ltd.) 196a High St. F.pping, Essex. England

SOURCES OF COFFEE GRADERS

Congo Coffee Grader

This little grader is especially suitable for use in an installation of small, hand-driven coffee hullers. Its output is 110 pounds (50 kilograms) an hour. The cylinder is composed of a perfora ted plate with two sets of perforations, thus giving three grades. The grades may be determined to suit the requirements of the planter, and about 2 pounds (1 kilogram) of coffee should be sent to the manufacturer when passing the

Congo Coffee Grader

Congo Coffee Grader John Gordon order to make sure that the most suitable perforations are provided. The perforated plate is easily detachable. With spare [dates of different perforations, it is possible to treat several varieties of coffee in the same machine. Plates are available with three perforations, thus giving four grades, but the output is less. The shafts are mounted in ball bearings.

A larger grader of the same design, having a capacity of 495 pounds (225 kilograms) an hour, is also available, and can be supplied for hand power or complete with small electric motor. The small grader weighs 187 pounds (85 kilograms), the larger, 195 pounds (225 kilograms).

John Gordon &Co. (Engineers, Ltd.)

Klfia High St.

Epping, Essex, England

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