Small Grinding Units

Many kitchen-scale grinding units are available for grinding both feed and household flour. Their output is considerably lower than that of mills specifically designed for farm use, but their versatility makes them worthy of consideration when only a few animals are kept on the farm.

Domestic mills are either hand-cranked or run by a small motor. Metal burr grinding plates are suitable for grinding and cracking grains, hulling some seeds, splitting peas, grinding coarse cereal, and making flour of a degree of fineness acceptable for bread. For a pastry-fine flour, stone mills are best. They can be used only with dry grains and seeds of 12 percent moisture or less. Moist seeds have a tendency to glaze the stones. If this happens, passing very hard winter wheat or very dry corn through the stones at their widest setting will clean the glaze away.

Grinding pastry-fine flour with <r stone burr «¡rnluna-tion hand mill.

But these mills are not made for certain jobs, and the manufacturers' guidelines should be followed carefully.

The most versatile type of mill is called a burr/stone conversion. One plate is a stationary burr which cannot be removed. The operator has the choice of interchanging a stone or burr for the other plate. A fine flour can be obtained from the burr/stone combination while the burr/ burr combination will crack grains, handle oily seeds, and make nut butters.

Most electric mills designed for small-scale household use have stones. Often a hand crank is available in the event of a power failure.

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