Windrowers And Binders

A windrow is a heaped row of cut vegetation. Grasses are raked into windrows to dry

Hand-tied sheaves are stacked in shocks to dry in the field.

before baling or storage. Delivering grain stalks neatly into a windrow as they are cut with a scythe and grain cradle facilitates bundling and eliminates the need for raking when harvesting by hand. Stalks are later tied into small bunches called sheaves which in turn are stacked and tied, butt end down, in larger bundles called shocks to allow grain heads to dry in the field.

In North America, hand harvesting has given way to a highly mechanized alternative, the combine harvester. This machine combines the cutting, gathering, threshing, and cleaning ac-

The Bucket M600 reciprocating mower with a windrower attachment.

Bueher-Ccyer. Ltd.

The Bucket M600 reciprocating mower with a windrower attachment.

Bueher-Ccyer. Ltd.

Harvesting Grain Hand

tivities of grain processing into one large, expensive machine. It offers no practical alternative to, hand harvesting for the small-holder in the size in which it is currently produced. However, in Europe, where homesteading has always been a way of life, a reciprocating mower with a windrowing mechanism is made to fit onto two-

Bucher M600
The Bucher M600 with windrower at work. Butber-Geyer, Ltd.
The AEBl walking tmctor a'ilk turning or windrowing hay. AEBI and Co.

}or wheel walking tractors. Another attachment, the binder, lias a rather complicated tying mechanism to carry out simultaneously the two operations of cutting a crop and tying it into neat and uniform sheaves. The binder basically consists of a reel to gather the crop for delivery to the attting mechanism, an elevating system of endless canvasses or a chainlike conveyor, ami the binding mechanism which ties the cut material with a hand of twine. Almost all of these parts are provided with adjustments so that a variety of crops can be harvested.

The binder has generally given way to the combine harvester for large-scale work. Until recently it was all but out of use in the United States except by conservative farmers of particular sects who have retained the old ways. But, recognizing a growing market for small-scale farming equipment, binders are making a comeback in North America,

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A late 19th century reaper-hinder.

The Implement /igr, IH'li

A late 19th century reaper-hinder.

The Implement /igr, IH'li

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