Human Figure Ebook
In contrast to the Yarmukian, anthropomorphous imagery is very sparse in the Wadi Raba culture. The only known example is a carinated hole-mouth jar from Ein el Jarba with an applied image of a human figure with an animal headdress. This and similar items from Tepe Gawra are interpreted by Kaplan (1969 18) as the prototype of a figure related to a fertility cult concerned with the renewal of youth or the bringing of rain. Small clay animal figurines are known from a number of Wadi Raba sites, and we will refer to these later.
The reoccurring theme of cranial removal in ritual practices is also seen in the decapitation and or mutilation of anthropomorphic statues in south-central Levantine MPPNB communities. Excavations of MPPNB and LPPNB period (c. 8,500-8,000bp) sites often recover small clay anthropomorphic figurines. For example, the 'AinGhazal researchers have recovered many MPPNB human figurines, upwards of forty from the 1983-1984 season alone. Other than six human figurines, which Rollefson et al. (1992) classify as fertilityfigurines, most of the anthropomorphic figures recovered are heads or torsos, with no indication of secondary sexual characteristics. A stylized human figure (recovered from Sq 3282), roughly conical in shape with a mutilated head, typifies this assemblage. Other forms include the upper torso of a human figurine broken in half in antiquity (Rollefson 1986).Although fewer in frequency, human figurines have also been recovered at Beidha, including one female figurine (Kirkbride...
It was directly associated with an otherwise complete but headless gazelle carcass. Another fragmentary plastered skull was found in a small oval installation, perhaps also associated with a lime-plastered surface (Figure 5). A probe elsewhere beneath two plastered surfaces revealed parts of an articulated contracted human skeleton lacking the head and mandible (probably removed through a hole in the lower plaster surface) directly overlying a 1-m-diameter and 50-cm-deep pit filled with some 200 partially articulated postcranial aurochs bones, representing at least six adult animals and two immature ones (Figure 6). A limited probe of only 1.5 m2 beneath yet another plastered surface has already provided numerous isolated human mandibles, other postcranial elements, a few in partial articulation, possibly also in association with articulated gazelle re-
Essentials of Human Physiology
This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.