Suborder Tubulifera

Forewings without longitudinal veins and female without an ovipositor; tenth abdominal segment tubular in both sexes (Fig. 47b). Development includes an egg, two nymphal, one propupal and two pupal stages. Eggs elongate-oval, hard-shelled and often sculptured.


A mainly tropical family, associated primarily with dead wood or leaf litter (but including some predatory and leaf-feeding species), the insects feeding on fungal hyphae, fungal spores or the breakdown products of fungal decay. Some phytophagous species cause noticeable galls on host plants.

EXAMPLES: Haplothrips tritici (wheat thrips), Liothrips vaneeckei (lily thrips).

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