On Your Farm

SS A Guide to Ecological Strategies m

Miguel A. Altieri and Clara I. Nicholls with Marlene A. Fritz

-^an SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE ^a ^.NETWORK

THE NATIONAL OUTREACH ARM OF USDA-SAR E

handbook

SERiES Book 7

MANAGE INSECTS ON YOUR FARM

A Guide to Ecological Strategies

Miguel A. Altieri and Clara I. Nicholls with Marlene A. Fritz

Published by the Sustainable Agriculture Network Beltsville, MD

Cover photos (clockwise from top):

Mixed annual clovers in a Chico, Calif., almond orchard help invigorate the crop's ability to withstand pests while attracting beneficial insects. Robert L. Bugg, UC-Davis.

Sevenspotted lady beetle. Russ Ottens, Univ. of GA.

ARS entomologist Marina Castelo Branco collects plant samples for a pollen library that documents plants that attract insect pests. Scott Bauer, USDA-ARS.

Syrphid fly. Vincent J Hickey, M.D.

Back cover: Predatory stink bug nymph on eggplant. Debbie Roos, North Carolina Cooperative Extension

Graphic design and layout: Andrea Gray

Project manager and editor: Andy Clark

This book was published by the Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) under cooperative agreements with the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, USDA, the University of Maryland and the University of Vermont.

Every effort has been made to make this book as accurate as possible and to educate the reader. This text is only a guide, however, and should be used in conjunction with other information sources on pest management. No single pest management strategy will be appropriate and effective for all conditions. The editor/authors and publisher disclaim any liability, loss or risk, personal or otherwise, which is incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, of the use and application of any of the contents of this book.

SARE works to increase knowledge about — and help farmers and ranchers adopt — practices that are profitable, environmentally sound and good for communities. For more information about SARE grant opportunities and informational resources, go to www.sare.org. SAN is the national outreach arm of SARE. For more information, contact:

Sustainable Agriculture Network

10300 Baltimore Ave.

Bldg. 046 BARC-WEST

Beltsville, MD 20705-2350

[email protected] org

To order copies of this book ($15.95 plus $5.95 s/h), contact (301) 374-9696, [email protected]., or order online at www.sare.org.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Altieri, Miguel A.

Manage insects on your farm : a guide to ecological strategies / by Miguel A. Altieri and Clara I. Nicholls with Marlene Fritz.

p. cm. -- (Sustainable Agriculture Network handbook series ; bk.

Includes index. ISBN 1-888626-10-0

1. Agricultural pests--Biological control. 2. Insects as biological pest control agents. 3. Agricultural ecology. 4. Ecological engineering. I. Nicholls, Clara I. II. Fritz, Marlene, 1950- III. Title. IV. Series.

SB975A48 2005 632'.96--dc22

2005013726

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