Notes and References

T- - Book of the New Alchemists (New York E.P. Dutton, 1977). T - Journals of the New Alchemists, Nos. 4-7. Available from The New Alchemy Institute 237 Hatchville Road East Falmouth, Massachusetts 02356 > hn Todd and Nancy Jack Todd, Tomorrow Is Our Permanent Address (New i k Harper & Row, 1980). Th> New Alchemy Quarterly containing the most recent work of the Institute research, outreach, and bioregional politics. Annie Dillard, Teaching A Stone To Talk (New York Harper & Row,...

Desalination of Sea Water

In order for the land to be inexpensive, we assume that little or no water will be available on the site at the outset. Over a dozen water strategies will result in a rapid ecological development of the site. Two are mentioned here to illustrate ways in which The Company of Stewards uses salt water as a restoring agent. i. Salt Marsh Strategy Salt marshes exist at sea level. They are flooded by tides. Their biological roles are extremely important for the land as well as the sea. Salt water...

Growing Food in Communities

In The Economy of Cities, Jane Jacobs chronicled the genesis of i major agricultural innovations over the past ten-thousand years. Contr to what is generally assumed, many of the most dramatic changes is far ing including the selection of grains, the domestication of animals, mecha ization of culture methods, or even recent hybrids of the Green Revolution, originated in urban centers and spread outward to the countryside. The newest agricultural development promises to be no exception. It is...

Transportation Power and New Shapes of Employment

The redesign of neighborhoods must include transportation, link- .i it to other changes. Rising transportation costs for both vehicle opera tion and road maintenance will be a major catalyst in altering the foi neighborhoods just as the widespread use of the car affected, over the century, existing settlement patterns. In the present social context, t portation is a primary product, crucial to manufacturing. Automobile inesses employ one in five Americans and consume nearly forty per of the six...

Table of Contents

Chapter One New Alchemy Where It All Began 1 Chapter Two From Bioshelters to Solar Villages to Future Human Chapter Three Emerging Precepts of Biological Design 19 Precept One The Living World is the Matrix for All Design 19 Precept Two Design Should Follow, not Oppose, the Laws of Life . . 22 Precept Three Biological Equity Must Determine Design 32 Precept Four Design Must Reflect Bioregionality 44 Precept Five Projects Should Be Based on Renewable Energy Precept Six Design Should Be...

Project Work Still to be Undertaken

Experimental Fishing A large mid-water zone exists between 5 fathoms (12 miles offshore) and 20 fathoms (35 miles offshore) which is beyond the range of most of the existing vessels and which is scarcely fished. We want to use our specially designed shrimp and bottom fish trawls for experimental fishing in this zone. The Ocean Pickup is also rigged to fish for large sharks and to aid with developing a shark fishery. Shark meat and fins are in high demand. It is planned to fish in areas where...

The Cape Cod

Iormance and productivity of the buildings, we were able to pronounce the Arks viable beyond our early hopes. They were independent of outside energy sources for heating and cooling and yielded well throughout the ear. portending an economic base for future replicas. For almost all of the same period New Alchemy concepts were being researched and tested simultaneously in Costa Rica. In 1973 Bill McLarney tounded NAISA (New Alchemy Institute Sociedad Anonima). It consists of small farm located...

Bioshelters Ocean Arks City Farming

The Sierra Club, founded in 1892 by John Muir, has devoted itself to the study and protection of the earth's scenic and ecological resources-mountains, wetlands, woodlands, wild shores and rivers, deserts and plains. The publishing program of the Sierra Club offers books to the public as a nonprofit educational service in the hope that they may enlarge the public's understanding of the Club's basic concerns. The point of view expressed in each book, however, does not necessarily represent that...

The Living World is the Matrix for All Design

Although the myriad life forms, processes and natural cycles of the Earth have been thoroughly studied and documented, the question of a pattern of patterns, or a metapattern, that would make the entirety of life com-orehensible continues to elude us. The most far-reaching, yet credible the-orv to date, to our way of thinking, comes from the brilliant research of Drs. Lvnn Margulis of Boston University and James Lovelock of England. Cal-ed the Gaia hypothesis, after the Greek goddess of the...

Biological Equity Must Determine Design

Saul Mendlovitz of the World Policy Institute has a question he is wont to ask when taking part in meetings or conferences that are engaged in examining trends or possibilities for the future. Whether the issues under discussion are political, economic, or technological, he asks How will it affect the poorest third of humanity However obvious and urgent this question may sound, from the worsening plight of the poor people of the world, it is evidently not posed or seriously examined frequently...

The Ocean Pickup in Guyana

In early May 1983 the Ocean Pickup, our thirty-two foot trimaran fishing vessel sailed from Martha's Vineyard in New England to Guyana in South America, a voyage of over three thousand five hundred miles (5,632 km). At the request of the Guyanese government and with support from the Canadian International Development Agency, we were to introduce our sailing technology to Guyanese fishermen. The background leading up to the voyage was given in the first issue of Annals (Vol. 1, 1, 1583) with a...

From Bioshelters to Solar Villages To Future Human Settlements

The years with New Alchemy, culminating in the design and build- - gt t the Arks, laid the foundation for our work in ecological design. It be- rounded out for us intellectually as word of our research and its impli- n gt for the workability of an ecological paradigm began to spread. New nemv's credibility became established. We met a number of people who, - -.-.Uo h their writings, had been our mentors when we had been establish- he underlying intellectual framework of the Institute. Among...

Ocean Ark the Margaret Mead

As well, by their elegance and by the incipient sense of adventure that stirs at the sight of swift moving sails on the horizon. More than anything else, they seem to symbolize the possibilities of rising above rather than being trapped by the exigencies of the post-petroleum era. We spent quite a long time mulling over ideas of biological restoration, the potential of biotechnology, and the return of commercial sail. In 1981 we founded Ocean Arks International as the vehicle for implementing I...

Ign Should Follow a Sacred Ecology

In his essay on Form, Substance and Difference, Gregory Bateson -. . The individual mind is immanent but not only in the body. It is im-rnt also in pathways and messages outside the body and there is a r Mind of which the individual mind is only a sub-system. This larger r. is comparable to God and is perhaps what some people mean by God, is still immanent in the total interconnected social systems and plan-ecology.' This undifferentiated interconnectedness of the human and ral worlds in an...

Emerging Precepts of Biological Design

From the kinds of work, from the experimentation and the observations of our years at New Alchemy, we began to evolve a way of looking at and thinking about the world, an epistemology, to use one of Gregory Bate- gt on's favorite words. As we began to apply this type of mindset, initially to problems at the Institute and subsequently, on a broader scale in many parts of the world, it became evident to us that we were creating a series of precepts for biological design that could serve both to...

Precept Four

In the last chapter we defined bioregion as a cluster of ecosystems arranged topographically and climatically so as to delineate a distinct region. At that point we were concerned exclusively with biological concepts. The human element was not under discussion. Obviously without a consideration of the human role, however, any definition is incomplete as, directly or indirectly, there is very little of the planet where we have not left in some way our mark. Nor is bioregionality an easy concept...

The Edith Muma

Dick Newick

Tion when used in peace, that wind and sail may again join together for the welfare of thy servants and the revelation of thy loving care. It was very quiet for a moment as we listened to Dean Morton, many of us half praying, half willing, that the EDITH MUMA fulfill its intended promise and help to move us a little closer to peace with the living world and among ourselves. Then Margaret Lloyd, another close friend and affiliate of New Alchemy, opened rather than broke a bottle of champagne to...