Abbreviations and Acronyms

AA

atomic absorption

AAS

atomic absorption spectrophotometry

ac

alternating current

ADAS

Agricultural Development and Advisory Service

(UK)

ADF

acid detergent fibre

AES

atomic emission spectrometry

AOAC

Association of Official Analytical Chemists

BCSR

basic cation saturation ratio

CEC

cation exchange capacity

cmolc

centimole charge

COSHH

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health

Regulations (1999)

CP

crude protein

CRM

Certified Reference Material

CSL

Central Science Laboratory

DEFRA

Department for Environment, Food and Rural

Affairs (UK)

detn

determination

DM

dry matter

DMD

dry matter digestibility

DMSO

dimethylsulphoxide

DOMD

digestible organic matter in dry matter

DTPA

ECEC ED

EDTA

FAPAS

FEPAS

HDPE

HPLC

ICP-MS

ICP-OES

IGER

IVDMD

MADF

MAFF (now DEFRA)

NAMAS

diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, or diethylenetrinitrilopentaacetic acid effective cation exchange capacity effective degradability diaminoethanetetraacetic acid, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, or (ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid Environmental Protection Agency (US) Food Analysis Performance Assessment Scheme Food Examination Performance Assessment Scheme flow-injection analysis flame photometry gas chromatography gas-liquid chromatography Good Laboratory Practice high density polyethylene high-performance liquid chromatography humic substances

The Health and Safety Executive (UK) inductively coupled plasma emission spectroscopy hyphenated technique of ICP followed immediately by MS

inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy inside diameter

Institute for Grassland and Environmental Research industrial methylated spirits infrared ion-selective electrode

International Organization for Standardization in vitro in vitro dry matter digestibility

Laboratory of the Government Chemist mass (when used in % m/m)

modified acid detergent fibre

Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (UK)

mobile bag technique metabolizable energy molecular weight in grams (relative molecular mass)

mass spectrometry

National Measurement Accreditation Service (now FAPAS)

NCGD neutral cellulase plus gamanase digestibility

NDF neutral detergent fibre

NIR; NIRS near infrared, or near infrared reflectance spectroscopy

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

NMR nuclear magnetic resonance

NSP non-starch polysaccharide

NVLAP National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

OD outside diameter

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OEM original equipment manufacturer

OMD organic matter digestibility

OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (US)

PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon(s)

PPE personal protective equipment

PTFE polytetrafluoroethane

PVC polyvinyl chloride

RI refractive index rpm revolutions per minute

RPRs reactive phosphate rocks

SGS Société Générale de Surveillance

SI Statutory Instrument

SLAN sufficiency level of available nutrient

SNV-D standard normal variate and detrend

SOC soil organic carbon

TCA The Composting Association

TEA triethanolamine

TEB total exchangeable bases

TOM total organic matter t.p.i. threads per inch

UKAS United Kingdom Accreditation Service

UKASTA United Kingdom Agricultural Supply Trade Association

URL Uniform Resource Locator (Internet website address)

USDA United States Department of Agriculture

UV ultraviolet v volume

VAM valid analytical measurement

VFA volatile fatty acid

WPBS Welsh Plant Breeding Station (now Institute for

Grassland and Environmental Research)

WSC water soluble carbohydrate

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