Preface

The need for this publication has arisen in four ways. The first is that relatively few staff engaged in agricultural research in educational institutions have sufficient knowledge of chemistry to make informed decisions regarding choice of the most suitable analytical method for their purposes. For example, an unsuitable sample drying process can destroy or seriously degrade the component being estimated. Second, there has been a need for a book containing methods of soil and crop analysis suitable for use in undergraduate practical classes. Lecturers under pressure to carry out publishable research and burdened with administrative duties have little time for scouring libraries and the Web for such methods. For the benefit of those lacking much experience in laboratory experimentation, the methods are described in greater practical detail than found in many publications. Third, the useful manual The Analysis of Agricultural Materials, MAFF/ADAS Reference Book 427, HMSO, 1986, is now out of print. Lastly, the growth in organic farming, and the establishment of the Organic Farming Centre for Wales, funded by the National Assembly for Wales and based in the University of Wales, Institute of Rural Studies, Aberystwyth, has engendered a fresh interest in analytical methods more suitable for sustainable agriculture, and a chapter is included on this area of analysis.

The nature of the contents will be determined by the practicability of the methods in undergraduate teaching, by their acceptability for research publications, and by their affordability by public sector institutions. The use of very expensive instruments may be referred to, but not described in detail. This background knowledge will assist the choice of whether to send samples away for analysis. The methods have not been chosen for their suitability in legal proceedings, although references to such will be made, and where published on the World Wide Web, the respective websites will be given. These official methods tend to be more elaborate, longer to perform, and far more rigorous than required in our case. The use of the web is growing apace, and website addresses will often be inserted in the text to aid further research. There is no attempt to include every possible procedure, but to provide the most useful selection.

It is anticipated that another author will publish a volume concentrating on chemical analysis dealing with ruminant animal nutrition. To avoid duplication, this volume will not cover that area in depth.

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