Are less likely to have employer-provided health care coverage or prescription drug coverage. The rural poor are less likely to be covered by Medicaid than their urban counterparts. The rural population is more likely to be over 65 (18 vs. 15 ) and poor (14 below the poverty level vs. 11 ). Nearly 25 of rural children live in poverty.
Sometimes, technical experts - including those from international agencies - are concerned that the participation of persons who do not have an extensive technical background will slow down the process and perhaps dilute the soundness of the recommendations. An answer to the first concern is that if the result is better, then it will have been worth the additional investment of time. An answer to the second concern is that it is incumbent on technical experts who feel they have better insights and policy prescriptions to explain them in accessible terms - and to demonstrate sufficient flexibility to accept suggestions for improvements when they come from nontechnical sources and are not always expressed in technical language.8 In any case, in virtually all developing countries, civil society will be able to contribute persons with strong technical qualifications in economics and other fields.
Both the selection of the integrating dimensions of a strategy and the development of the policy prescriptions depend on the circumstances of each country and the historical moment in which the strategy is formulated. However, it may be asked if there are universal guidelines for the In all countries, the aim of an agricultural strategy is to generate sustainable growth that is widely shared, but producing a successful strategy requires creativity in finding concrete and detailed solutions to specific problems that are viable in their context. A broad vision or general prescriptions alone will not suffice, and specificity on both policies and sequencing is required. (To cite only one example, it was pointed out earlier in Chapter 4 that in Central Asian countries the policy of freeing up input markets before output markets led to disastrous results for farm incomes.)
A lesson drawn from the East Asian experience is that export growth is a key to economic development and, in these carefully circumscribed cases, the dynamic benefits from export subsidies have offset the static welfare losses, but that other types of interventions by governments did not succeed in compensating for those losses. These conclusions should be clearly distinguished from the prescriptions of Furtado, who favored strong protection for import-substitution industries and State ownership of heavy industry.
Gale Johnson has provided a clear definition of six traditional areas in which government action is needed. One of them is correcting market failures, but he is cautious in his prescriptions for entry into this area, emphasizing mainly the provision of education. His remarks, excerpted, are as follows
Better management of irrigation systems (Chapter 6), and community participation in agricultural research and extension (Chapter 8). However, it is always valuable to coordinate policies and programs under a rural, spatial focus. Rural development can become another integrating dimension of an agricultural strategy and at the same time carry its policy prescriptions beyond the sector. It goes without saying that the linkages between agricultural and non-agricultural activities in rural areas are strong, and the latter constitute significant sources of employment and income for rural families
It is important to ask when the person last ate before the onset of symptoms and if he or she was drinking alcoholic beverages, taking over-the-counter or prescription medicines, or using perfume. Fragrances can cause acute allergic symptoms alcohol use while using certain growth regulators such as hydrogen cyanamide can cause an Antabuse reaction and meals eaten at the site of contaminated fields can result in the accidental ingestion of chemicals (10-12). Bronchitis Pityriasis rosea Folliculitis Urticaria Insect bite Epistaxis Thyroid disease Drug misuse (legal