Shrimp Farming Guide

Shrimp Farming Guide

This course comes from J.T. Abney, a shrimp farmer from the Gulf of Mexico. He and his family has been shrimp farming for generations. He speaks from direct experiences from years in the industry. Shrimp farming allows you to live life however you want, on any hours that you choose, all while living a comfortable life. You can run the business from your own home, and the profit margins are remarkable high. If you are looking for a way to get rich without doing any work, look elsewhere. This book sells only REAL advice that will work once you put the proper work in. If you are willing to work hard and really get stuff done, this is the business for you. Continue reading...

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Origins of modern freshwater prawn culture

This had not been realised before because the mature adult prawns had been collected in totally freshwater, sometimes up to 100 miles (160 km) distant from the sea. This observation quickly led to the rearing of larvae through all their developmental stages in 1962, as first described by Ling & Merican (1961), and the production of sufficient juvenile prawns to initiate grow-out experiments in ponds in 1963 (Ling & Costello 1979). News of this success spread rapidly and generated worldwide interest in freshwater prawn culture. Within 10 years, research and development projects had commenced in most Asian countries, as well as in Europe, the Americas and Africa. While Ling's discoveries were fundamental, it was the work of another pioneer, Takuji Fujimura (Fig. 1.2) that made the commercial development of freshwater prawn culture possible. This was the second major milestone in the history of freshwater prawn farming. Fujimura's research in Hawaii commenced in 1965, with the...

Table 54 Characteristics of a typical 10 million PLyr hatchery operating with two rearing phases

In 1995, 600 to 800 million freshwater prawn larvae were being produced annually from 50 backyard hatcheries in Thailand, sufficient to supply 6400 ha of grow-out ponds (Suwannatous 1996). Government hatcheries in Thailand, which stimulated the development of commercial hatcheries through a joint FAO-Royal Thai Government project nearly 30 years ago (New et al. 1982), continue to produce PL for stocking in open waters (Chapter 17). At the end of the millennium, prices for 20- to 30-day-old PL were US 1.25 1000 in Thailand, the same as in 1993 (New 1995), indicating some over-supply there at that time. Since then, the freshwater prawn sector in Thailand has expanded considerably and shortages of PL were reported as a major constraint for freshwater prawn culture development there by Schwantes et al. (2007). Similar shortages have been reported in Brazil (Valenti & Moraes-Riodades 2004, Valenti

Wagner C Valenti Michael B New KR Salin and Jinyun Ye

Freshwater prawn monoculture may be extensive, semiintensive or intensive. These systems differ according to the farm plan and the level of farmer intervention in the production process. According to the intensity of the system, productivity may range from below 0.5t ha yr to more than 5 t ha yr. Wickins & Lee (2002) discussed the grow-out of crustaceans cultured in tropical climates at various levels of intensity and categorised the systems as extensive, semi-intensive, intensive and super-intensive. Although the words extensive, semi-intensive and intensive are frequently used in aquaculture, the meaning of these terms has been much confused, mainly because intensity categories cannot be defined precisely. Valenti (1998a) standardised each level of intensity for freshwater prawn culture, as described below. for other purposes, as for example, irrigation canals, reservoirs and rice fields (paddies). Such systems are generally stocked at low densities (1-4 m2), using postlarvae...

James F Muir and Julio V Lombardi

The grow-out of freshwater prawns is generally carried out in earthen ponds. These structures are usually cheap and simple to construct and operate, and with suitable management and simple inputs allow for the development of natural foods such as plankton and benthos, while providing relatively stable water conditions throughout the production cycle. Such features favour the growth and survival of the on-growing stock, and will normally allow producers to minimise the costs of production. Ponds for freshwater prawn culture are broadly similar to those used for fish culture, and can either be built by means of an embankment across a watercourse or by excavating and building up a structure into which water can be conducted by various means. In some special cases, for example the ghers of southwest Bangladesh, ponds are formed in rice paddy or other low-lying land, and typically contain an elevated Semi-intensive ponds are closely dependent on local site features and on the disposition...

National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

BIOTEC is dedicated to the principle that the players in the shrimp industry should take an active role in planning and financing R& D for their industry. BIOTEC actively promoted the formation in 1996 of an industry consortium, the Shrimp Culture Research and Development Company, dedicated to solving problems common to the shrimp aquaculture industry as a whole. This consortium serves the industry directly and also serves as a bridge to other public and private institutions involved in relevant research, not only in Thailand but throughout the world.

Requirements for enriched Artemia by freshwater prawn larvae

Feeding vitamin C-enriched Artemia did not result in an enhanced freshwater prawn hatchery output (Merchie et al. 1995b). However, a significantly positive effect was again demonstrated on the physiological condition of the PL, as measured by a salinity stress test. A noticeable drop in the vitamin C level of PL, compared to larvae, indicated a specific need for ascorbic acid during metamorphosis, a stressful period. It therefore is likely that under suboptimal rearing conditions (stress situations), high vitamin C supplementation will enhance production characteristics. In this respect, Cavalli et al. (2000) Fig. 6.7) developed a standardised technique based on ammonia toxicity for the evaluation of the postlarval quality of hatchery-produced M. rosenbergii, which proved far more sensitive than the more common salinity stress test. Using this criterion, these authors were able to clearly demonstrate that, from larval stage III onwards, larval quality was superior in the prawn culture...

Applicability of Biotechnology to Specific Agricultural Objectives

Shrimp is one of the top 10 exports for Thailand, generating about 1.5 billion in annual export earnings. In 1999, there were about 25,000 shrimp farms, producing 240,000 t valued at 87 billion baht ( 1.8 billion), and employing about 1 30,000 people. Diseases are a major constraint in the production of cultivated shrimp. In 1994, the white spot syndrome virus became a major disease in the PRC, and quickly spread to the rest of Asia, including Thailand. The disease caused a sharp drop in shrimp production in the PRC from 1 55,000 t to 35,000 t, a decline of about 77 percent. National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC) quickly supported research at the Universities of Chulalongkorn and Mahidol to develop DNA probe technology for the rapid detection of major shrimp pathogens. Rapid diagnostic reagents were quickly developed, the technology was transferred to the shrimp industry, and the virus was effectively controlled. It is estimated that shrimp biotechnology...


CRIF (AARD) administers research institutes for marine fisheries, freshwater fisheries and coastal aquaculture. In the Research Institute for Coastal Aquaculture, research covers development of feeding materials for shrimp and fish improved genetic stock disease diagnosis production of enzymes, such as protease, from fish waste use of proteases to descale fish and fish preservation through drying and salting. Production of proteases by Bacillus stearothermophilus is being investigated at RIAP. Indonesia has great potential to expand fresh and coastal fisheries and shrimp production.

Opportunities BIOTEC

The Shrimp Biotechnology Service Laboratory was established in July 1999 at BIOTEC to summarize the reference PCR methods for viral disease detection in Thai shrimp farming. Laboratory objectives are to serve as the reference laboratory for major shrimp pathogen diagnosis based on molecular techniques, to conduct research and to provide assistance for the molecular detection of various shrimp viruses. BIOTEC is dedicated to the principle that the players in the shrimp industry should take an active role in the R & D effort for their industry, in both planning and finance. BIOTEC took an active part in promoting the formation in 1996 of an industry consortium (the Shrimp Culture Research and Development Company) dedicated to solving problems common to the shrimp aquaculture industry as a whole. This consortium serves the industry directly and also serves as a bridge to other public and private institutions involved in relevant research, not only in Thailand, but throughout the world.

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