Community Outreach Program

Perhaps the most difficult issue to address in drought monitoring systems is devising effective communication frameworks with pastoral communities that provide information valued by community leaders and individuals in a manner that will result in rational and proactive decisions. All of the early warning institutions in East Africa working with LEWS have identified effective communication with pastoral communities as one of the major weaknesses in their information dissemination system. Currently, LEWS is exploring different models for communicating monitoring products including training local nongovernmental organizations operating in pastoral communities, placement and training of community-based site monitors,

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Figure 22.4 The deviation in forage standing crop for cattle compared to 30-year means of daily standing crop for a rangeland community in southeastern Kenya, as estimated by the Livestock Early Warning System. The dotted lines show the upper and lower 66% confidence limits of 10- to 90-day projections.

Figure 22.4 The deviation in forage standing crop for cattle compared to 30-year means of daily standing crop for a rangeland community in southeastern Kenya, as estimated by the Livestock Early Warning System. The dotted lines show the upper and lower 66% confidence limits of 10- to 90-day projections.

and improved training of local extension officers. Issues of literacy, traditional pastoral decision-making processes, water availability, disease incidence, and conflict must be considered in devising effective communication instruments in pastoral communities.

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