Vanda Pukyong University

ALKHALIL ADOUM, USGS FEWS-NET—Sahel, AGRHYMET Center,

B.P. 11011, Niamey, Niger AHSAN U. AHMED, Water and Environment Division, Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad (BUP), House 50, Block D, Niketon, Guishan-1, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh PETER AMBENJE, Drought Monitoring Center, P.O. Box 10304,

00100-Nairobi, Kenya JAY ANGERER, Department of Rangeland Ecology and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2126, United States

ASSAF ANYAMBA, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Laboratory for Terrestrial Physics, Biospheric Science Branch, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, United States EDUARDO DELGADO ASSAD, Informática na Agricultura—Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Campinas, Sao Paulo State, Brazil

TSITSI BANDASON, Department of Meteorological Services, P.O. Box

BE150, Belvedere, Harare, Zimbabwe ZBIGNIEW BOCHENEK, Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, Remote

Sensing Department, ul. Modzelewskiego 27, 02-679 Warsaw, Poland RIZALDI BOER, Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Jalan Raya Pajajaran, Bogor-16144, Indonesia VIJENDRA K. BOKEN, Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, The University of Mississippi Geoinformatics Center, University, Mississippi 38677, United States MOHAMMED BOULAHYA, African Center for Meteorological Applications for Development, BP 13184, Niamey, Niger

ORIVALDO BRUNINI, Centro de Ecofisiologia e Biofísica, Instituto Agronomico, Avenida Barao de Itapura-1481, Bairro Guanabara, 13.020-430-Campinas, Sao Paulo State, Brazil HI-RYONG BYUN, Department of Environmental Atmospheric Sciences, Pukyong University, 599-1 Daeyondong, Namgu, Pusan 608-737, South Korea

MACOL STEWART CERDA, NOAA Office of Global Programs, Climate and Societal Interaction Division, 1100 Wayne Ave, Suite 1210, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, United States ABRAHAM ANTHONY CHEN, Department of Physics, University of the

West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica ABDUL M. CHOUDHURY, Former Chairman, Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization (SPARRSO), Dhaka, Bangladesh ANDRZEJ CIOLKOSZ, Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, Remote

Sensing Department, ul. Modzelewskiego 27, 02-679 Warsaw, Poland ARTHUR P. CRACKNELL, Division of Electronic Engineering and Physics,

University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland KATARZYNA DABROWSKA-ZIELINSKA, Institute of Geodesy and

Cartography, Remote Sensing Department, ul. Modzelewskiego 27, 02-679 Warsaw, Poland KENNETH A. DAY, Natural Resource Sciences, Department of Natural Resources and Mines and Energy, Indooroopilly, Queensland, Australia 4068

EDDY DE PAUW, International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry

Areas (ICARDA), P.O. Box 5466, Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic PEDRO LEITE DA SILVA DIAS, Departamento de Ciencias Atmosféricas, Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica and Ciencias Atmosféricas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo State, Brazil LINO NARANJO DíAZ, Grupo de Fisica Nolineal, Facultade de Fisica, Campus Universitario Sur, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, A Coruna, Spain

STANISLAW DRUPKA, Institute for Land Reclamation and Grassland

Farming, 05-090 Raszyn, Falenty, Poland APISIT EIUMNOH, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand

TREVOR FALLOON, Department of Physics, The University of the West

Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica HECTOR GADSDEN, Centro de Investigaciones Sobre la Sequía, del Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Km. 33.3, Carretera Chihuahua-Ojinaga, A.P. 28, C.P 32900, Aldama, Chihuahua, México LORRAIN GIDDINGS, Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Km.2.5 Carretera. Antigua a Coatepec No. 351, Congregación El Haya, C.P. 91070, Xalapa,Veracruz, México FAITH GITHUI, Drought Monitoring Center, P.O. Box 10304, 00100-Nairobi, Kenya

ISABEL M. GOMES, Climate and Environment Department, Institute of

Meteorology, Rua C, Lisbon Airport, 1749-077 Lisbon, Portugal ALICE M. GRIMM, Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do

Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil RITA GUERREIRO, Hydrometeorology and Agrometeorology Division, Institute of Meteorology, Rua C, Lisbon Airport, 1749-077 Lisbon, Portugal

MICHAEL J. HAYES, National Drought Mitigation Center, University of

Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, United States SUK-YOUNG HONG, Agricultural Environment Department, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (NIAST), 249 Seodun-dong, Gwensun-gu, Suwon 441-707, South Korea ALFREDO R. HUETE, Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721-0038, United States

KEITH T. INGRAM, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-0570, United States ANWAR IQBAL, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka, Bangladesh

THOMAS J. JACKSON, ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Lab, U.S.

Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, United States ABDI JAMA, Department of Rangeland Ecology and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2126, United States ROBERT KAITHO, Department of Rangeland Ecology and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2126, United States

ALEXANDER D. KLESCHENKO, National Institute of Agricultural Meteorology, 82 Lenin St., Obninsk, Kaluga Region, 249030, Russia

FELIX N. KOGAN, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Services, Camp Springs, Maryland 20746, United States RAPHAEL MARAMBII, Department of Rangeland Ecology and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2126, United States GREGORY M. MCKEON, Natural Resource Sciences, Department of Natural Resources and Mines and Energy, Indooroopilly, Queensland, Australia 4068 ENGIDA MERSHA, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organisation,

P.O.Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia GENNADY V. MENZHULIN, Research Center for Interdisciplinary Environmental Cooperation of Russian Academy of Sciences, 14-Kutuzova Embankment, 191187, St. Petersburg, Russia ELIJAH MUKHALA, FAO/SADC Regional Remote Sensing Project, 43

Robson Manyika Ave., P.O. Box 4046, Harare, Zimbabwe WILLIAM NYAKWADA, Kenya Meteorological Department, P.O. Box

30259, 00100-Nairobi, Kenya LABAN A. OGALLO, Drought Monitoring Center, P.O. Box 10304,

00100-Nairobi, Kenya SILVERY B. OTENGI, Department of Meteorology, University of Nairobi,

P.O. Box 30197, 00100-Nairobi, Kenya LUÍS E.V. PESSANHA, Institute of Meteorology, Rua C, Lisbon Airport,

1749-077 Lisbon, Portugal VANDA CABRINHA PIRES, Climate and Environment Department,

Institute of Meteorology, Rua C, Lisbon Airport 1749-077, Portugal MARION PRATT, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), 1300 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20523, United States AMJURI S. RAO, Division of Natural Resources and Environment, Central

Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur-342 003, India KENWYN G. RICKERT, School of Natural and Rural Systems Management, The University of Queensland, Gatton Campus, Gatton, Queensland, Australia

JOSE ALFREDO RODRIGUEZ-PINEDA, Jefe—Centro de Investigaciones Sobre la Sequía (CEISS), Instituto de Ecología, A.C. Km. 33.3 Carretera Chihuahua-Ojinaga, A.P. 28 Aldama, Chihuahua, México JAMES ROWLAND, Science Department, Raytheon, EROS Data Center,

Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57198, United States FATIMA ESPIRITO SANTO, Climate and Environment Department, Institute of Meteorology, Rua C, Lisbon Airport, 1749-077 Lisbon, Portugal SERGEY P. SAVVATEYEV, Research Center for Interdisciplinary Environmental Cooperation of Russian Academy of Sciences, 14-Kutuzova Embankment, 191187, St. Petersburg, Russia KLAUS SCIPAL, Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vienna University of Technology, Gusshausstraße 27-29, 1040 Vienna, Austria

ZEKAI SEN, Istanbul Technical University, Civil Engineering Faculty,

Hydraulics Division, Maslak 80626, istanbul, Turkey GABRIEL SENAY, SAIC, EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

57198, United States RAJENDRA P. SHRESTHA, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand ASHBINDU SINGH, United Nations Environment Program's Division of Early Warning and Assessment—North America, 1707 H St., N.W., Suite 300, Washington, DC 20006, United States MANNAVA V. K. SIVAKUMAR, Agricultural Meteorology Division, World Meteorological Organization, 7 Bis, Avenue de la Paix, CP No. 2300, CH-1211, Geneva 2, Switzerland ANNE M. SMITH, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Center,

P.O. Box 3000, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 4B1, Canada KELLY SPONBERG, Climate Information Access Program (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research), NOAA Office of Global Programs, Climate and Societal Interaction Division, 1100 Wayne

Ave, Suite 1210, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, United States JERRY W. STUTH, Department of Rangeland Ecology and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2126, United States

ARJUNAPERMAL R. SUBBIAH, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand

MARK D. SVOBODA, National Drought Mitigation Center, University of

Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, United States MICHAEL TAYLOR, Department of Physics, The University of the West

Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica GUOLIANG TIAN, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 9718, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China COMPTON J. TUCKER, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Laboratory for Terrestrial Physics, Biospheric Science Branch, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, United States LEONARD S. UNGANAI, Department of Meteorological Services, P.O.

Box BE150, Belvedere, Harare, Zimbabwe NGUYEN VAN VIET, Agrometeorological Research Centre, 5162 Nguyen

Chi Thanh St., Lang Trung, Dong Da, Hanoi, Vietnam JAMES VERDIN, U.S. Geological Survey EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls,

South Dakota 57198, United States WOLFGANG WAGNER, Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vienna University of Technology, Gusshausstraße 27-29, 1040 Vienna, Austria DONALD A. WILHITE, National Drought Mitigation Center, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, United States ERODI K. ZOIDZE, National Institute of Agricultural Meteorology, 82 Lenin St., Obninsk, Kaluga Region, 249030, Russia

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MONITORING AND PREDICTING AGRICULTURAL DROUGHT

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PA RT I

BASIC CONCEPTS AND DROUGHT ANALYSIS

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