Drought Mitigation

Government responses to drought can be broadly classified into three types (Parry and Carter, 1987): pre-impact programs, post-impact interventions, and contingency arrangements or preparedness plans. To alleviate the root causes of drought and famines that occurred during 1972-73, 1984-85, and 1993-94 and reduce human suffering, the government of Ethiopia has

Table 17.1 Qualitative categorization of crop conditions based on the percentage to which water requirement needs are met

I%a

% Yield

Production condition

100

>100

Very good

95-99

90-100

Good

80-94

50-90

Average

60-79

20-50

Mediocre

50-90

10-20

Poor

< 50

< 10

Complete failure

aI is the cumulative water requirement satisfaction index in the crop water-balance computation.

aI is the cumulative water requirement satisfaction index in the crop water-balance computation.

issued a national policy on disaster prevention and management (NDPPC; Yibra, 1996). The major disaster prevention and preparedness modalities include development of an emergency food security reserve, national disaster prevention and preparedness fund, and seed reserve. The National Committee for Early Warning can recommend that the NDPPC declare the whole country or part of it as disaster areas, following which the government initiates possible actions to mitigate impacts of drought.

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