Drought Mitigating Measures

Portugal is reducing risks associated with the occurrence of droughts using mitigation measures and early warning systems. Portugal is in the process of building dams and artificial lakes to store water and develop irrigation techniques to cope with water shortage, especially during drought periods. Alqueva Dam in Alentejo will create a large artificial lake. Other methods for drought mitigation include carefully choosing appropriate crops for a given region and local climate, developing crop varieties that are better adapted to higher temperatures and water stress (in the southern regions of Portugal, introduction of subtropical and tropical plants is an important strategy), improving carbon sink capacity of Portuguese forests through aforestation/reforestation, avoiding land degradation, and improving irrigation and drainage systems.

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