There are a couple of regional centers in southern Africa that focus on meteorological, hydrological, and food security interests related to various aspects of early warning and preparedness. These centers include the SADC Drought Monitoring Center (www.dmc.co.zw; chapter 32), and the SADC Regional Early Warning Unit for Food Security and the Regional Remote Sensing Unit (RRSU; www.sadc.fanr.org.zw). Significant progress has been made in developing an early warning system for tropical cyclones in southern Africa, but no agricultural drought early warning is widely operational in southern Africa for the benefit of both producers and policy makers. State drought declarations are largely dependent on field-crop failure reports.
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