F Circulation

The circulation patterns of animals and equipment can be easily affected by installation of an AWMS. New roads and pathways are often required to ensure an efficient new system. Roads, pathways, and other forms of circulation should lead to their destination in an orderly and efficient manner. They should optimize the use of available area by providing adequate width, gradient, and turning space. In some cases, existing shortcuts must be abandoned and new circulation barriers must be used to accomplish this.

An existing manure storage pond (fig. 8-26) has taken cropland out of production and requires additional maneuvering by cultivation equipment. An option, as simulated, places the pond on an unused, marginal cropland site adjacent to the brooder house, leaving more land available for production.

Alignment of roads and pathways should attempt to follow the existing contour of the land to prevent steep gradients and excessive cuts and fills. Sufficient drainage (0.5 to 0.75 inch per foot of slope for gravel surfaces and 0.25 to 0.5 inch per foot of slope for paved surfaces) should be provided. A minimum of 14 feet of vertical clearance should be allowed to accommodate equipment. Where feasible, existing roads, pathways, or parking areas can be eliminated or relocated to increase operational efficiency (fig. 8-27).

Figure 8-26 Alternative location for waste storage pond improves circulation and enhances cropland production (as shown in simulation)

Figure 8-26 Alternative location for waste storage pond improves circulation and enhances cropland production (as shown in simulation)

Before

After

Figure 8-27 Farmstead roads consolidated to improve operations (as shown in simulation)

Figure 8-27 Farmstead roads consolidated to improve operations (as shown in simulation)

Before

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