G Client determines a course of action

The seventh step in the planning process is making decisions. The decisionmaker must select one system from among the alternatives developed by the planner; however, the planner needs to guide the decision-maker by presenting cost effective, environmentally sound, and socially acceptable alternatives. If the preceding planning elements are properly carried out, the decisionmaker will have all of the information available, including the private and public objectives, on which to make the needed decision.

Numerous worksheets and guides are presented in various sections of this handbook to aid in documenting information used in planning. Resource information and data that need to be documented provide a basis for the decisions that are made. All engineering and design information must be in design folders as required in Part 511 of the National Engineering Manual. Operation and maintenance plans must be developed so the decisionmaker fully understands how the AWMS is to be operated safely and what

Figure 2-3 Analyzing resource data and formulating alternative solutions using the six functions of an Agricultural Waste Management System

Figure 2-3 Analyzing resource data and formulating alternative solutions using the six functions of an Agricultural Waste Management System

Roof gutters and downspouts Diversions

Alley scrapers Flush alleys Manure pack Gutters

Ponds Tanks Dry stack

Lagoons Composters Solid separators Settling basins

Pipelines Hauling equipment Gutters Pumps Push-off ramps

Irrigation systems

Spreaders Commercial sale Refeeding Bedding Energy generation*

Roof gutters and downspouts Diversions

Alley scrapers Flush alleys Manure pack Gutters

Ponds Tanks Dry stack

Lagoons Composters Solid separators Settling basins

Pipelines Hauling equipment Gutters Pumps Push-off ramps

Irrigation systems

Spreaders Commercial sale Refeeding Bedding Energy generation*

*Energy generation is included under the utilization function because utilization of the waste material is the basic purpose of such operations. This is distinct from the treatment function in which the basic purpose is to change characteristics of the waste material. A substantial part of the original volume and strength of the waste material still remains after it has been used for energy generation. Consequently, waste material discharged after energy generation must be managed similarly to that which has not been used for energy generation. In the case of livestock manure, the management process could include transfer to storage and, from there, transfer to a second waste utilization function of application on the land.

facilities need to be inspected and maintained. Waste utilization plans and specifications including water budgets and plant nutrient budgets should be developed in accordance with the guidelines in chapter 11 and the requirements of the Field Office Technical Guide.

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Organic Gardeners Composting

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