Management System Component Design

Contents: 651.1000 Introduction 10-1

651.1001 Production 101

(a) Roof runoff management 10-1

(b) Runoff control 10-3

651.1002 Collection 10-4

(c) Slatted floors 10-8

651.1003 Storage 10-11

(a) Waste storage facilities for solids 10-11

(b) Liquid and slurry waste storage 10-16

651.1004 Treatment 10-27

(a) Anaerobic lagoons 10-27

(b) Aerobic lagoons 10-35

(c) Mechanically aerated lagoons 10-39

(d) Oxidation ditches 10-41

(e) Drying/dewatering 10-41

(f) Composting 10-42

(g) Mechanical separation 10-62

(h) Settling basins 10-64

(j) Vegetative filters 10-66

651.1005 Transfer 10-67

(a) Reception pits 10-67

(b) Gravity flow pipes 10-68

(c) Push-off ramps 10-68

(f) Equipment 10-70

651.1006 Utilization 10-71

(a) Nutrient management 10-71

(b) Land application equipment 10-72

(c) Land application of municipal sludge 10-72

(d) Biogas production 10-72

651.1007 Ancillary components 10-78

(b) Dead animal disposition 10-78

(c) Human waste management 10-79

651.1008 Safety 10-80

(a) Confined areas 10-80

(b) Aboveground tanks 10-81

(c) Lagoons, ponds, and liquid storage structures 10-81

(d) Equipment 10-81

651.1009 References 10-82

651.1050 Appendix 10A—Blank worksheets 10A-1

651.1060 Appendix 10B—Rainfall intensity maps 10B-1

651.1070 Appendix 10C—Runoff from feedlots and evaporation 10C-1

(b) Evaporation 10C-1

651.1080 Appendix 10D—Geotechnical design and construction 10D-1

guidelines for waste impoundment liners

Tables Table 10-1 Recommended total daily flush volumes 10-5

Table 10-2 Flush tank volumes and discharge rates 10-5

Table 10-3 Minimum slope for flush alleys 10-5

Table 10-4 Sludge accumulation ratios 10-30

Table 10-5 Minimum top width for lagoon embankments (210-vi-AWMFH, rev. 2, 0 ctober 1997)

10-30

Table 10

6

Typical carbon to nitrogen ratios of common

47

composting amendments

Table 10

7

Poultry mortality rates

Table 10

B

Broiler compost mix

Table 10

9

Operational data for solid/liquid separators

B5

Table 10-10 Characteristics of solid/liquid separators lÜ-65

Table 10-10 Characteristics of solid/liquid separators lÜ-65

Figures Figure 10-1 Roof gutter and downspout lÜ—l

Figure 10-2

Diversion of "clean" water around feedlot

10-4

Figure 10-3

Scrape alley used in dairy barns

10-4

Figure 10-4

Dairy flush alley

10-6

Figure 10-5

Swine flush alley

10-6

Figure 10-6

Flush tanks

10-7

Figure 10-7

Flush and gravity flow gutters for swine manure

lÜ-8

Figure 10-B

Gravity gutter for dairy manure

10-9

Figure 10-9

Shuttle-stroke gutter cleaner

10-9

Figure 10-10

Chain and flight gutter cleaner

10-10

Figure 10-11

Concrete gang slats

10-10

Figure 10-12

Solid manure stacking facilities

10-12

Figure 10-13

Roofed solid manure storage

10-13

Figure 10-14

Cross section of waste storage pond without a watershedl0-l6

Figure 10-15

Cross section of waste storage pond with watershed

10-17

Figure 10-16 Waste storage ponds 1ü-17

Figure 10-16 Waste storage ponds 1ü-17

Figure 10-17 Layout of waste storage pond (210-vi-AWMFH, rev. 2, 0 ctoyer 1997)

Figure 10-18

Aboveground waste storage tank

lO

l9

Figure 10-19

Below ground waste storage structure

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l9

Figure 10-20

BASIC computer program for determining pond volume

lO

2B

Figure 10-21

Anaerobic lagoon cross section

lO

28

Figure 10-22

Anaerobic lagoon loading rate

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-29

Figure 10-23

Anaerobic lagoon recycle systems

lO

3l

Figure 10-24

Aerobic lagoon cross section

lO

3S

Figure 10-25

Aerobic lagoon loading rate

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-36

Figure 10-26

Relation of dissolved oxygen saturation to water temperature

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4O

Figure 10-27

Relation of dissolved oxygen saturation to elevation above mean sea level

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4O

Figure 10-28

Numeral values for 0t-20 at different temperatures where 0=1.024

lO

4O

Figure 10-29

Schematic of an oxidation ditch

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4l

Figure 10-30

Windrow schematic

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42

Figure 10-31

Static pile composting schematic

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43

Figure 10-32

In-vessel composting schematic

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44

Figure 10-33

Compost mixture design flow chart

lO

48

Figure 10-34

Composting temperature

lO

SS

Figure 10-35

Typical temperature rhythm of windrow method

lO

SB

Figure 10-36

Agricultural composting process flow

lO

S7

Figure 10-37

Dead animal composting bin

lO

S9

Figure 10-38

Recommended layering for dead bird composting

lO

Bl

Figure 10-39

Schematic of mechanical solid-liquid separators

lO

B3

Figure 10-40

Design aid to determine quantity of water to add to achieve a desired TS concentration

lO

BB

Figure 10-41

Reception pit for dairy freestall barn

lO-

BT

Figure 10-42

Examples of gravity flow transfer

lO-

B9

Figure 10-43

Push-off ramp

lO-

TO

Figure 10-44

Solid manure storage with picket dam

lO-

-Tl

Figure 10-45

Two stage, mixed tank anaerobic digester

lO-

T3

Figure 10-46

Typical anaerobic digester types

lO-

T4

Figure 10-47

Gas agitation in an anaerobic digester

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^V

Figure 10-48

Poultry and suckling pig disposal pit constructed with 8" x 8" x 16" concrete blocks

lO-

TS

Figure 10-49

Capacity requirements for poultry disposal pits for laying hens and turkeys

lO-

Agricultural Waste Management System Component Design

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