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2.1.5 Technical-Economic Indices

One of the main challenges of current agriculture in developed nations is to increase competitiveness within an increasingly global market. This increase in competitiveness is essential in disadvantaged regions, where agrarian activity conserves economic and social importance.

The management of crops is determined by technical itineraries, which show the cultivation techniques required to carry out the entire phase of crop development. The cost analysis of these activities permits the optimization of the production process, mainly as a decision support tool in the election of the raw materials, the amount to produce that favors cost reduction, and a reduction in environmental impact, while obtaining products of quality and of sufficient edibility.

In 2000, with the purpose of characterizing the systems of production of CLM, CREA devised the technical itineraries for the main crops of the region (de Juan et al, 2003). In all, 163 technical itineraries for 20 rainfed herbaceous crops, 31 irrigated herbaceous crops, and 4 tree crops were developed. As an example, a maize crop irrigated by means of a system pivot, is illustrated (Table 7).

Table 7: Technical itinerary for maize in a farm with vast irrigated area

Technical

itinerary: Grain Maize

Province: Albacete

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