In the previous chapter, we discussed the importance of the seed and early seedling stages of a plant's life cycle. In this chapter we continue the theme of plant phenology, from the stage of seedling establishment (i.e. when a seedling becomes independent of its seed reserves) through to death. We focus on how abiotic factors influence these life cycle events. We also look at how plants allocate resources to their growth, maintenance and reproduction and how allocation changes over the life of a plant. Finally we discuss plant senescence, the natural process of plant death.
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