Felling the tree is often easier than getting it out of the woods. Because they roll easily short lengths of big trees are easiest to move. If you need to turn the direction of a rolling log, roll it up onto something like a limb stub to elevate it at its balance point. If it's balanced on a pivot point, you can probably turn it.

A timber is sometimes called a cant; thus you roll it with a lever called a cant hook. Two cant hooks opposed can help two people carry a timber out of the woods, but the pivot connection on a log carrier makes negotiating between trees far easier. If you have several timber carriers and several pairs of people working, remember that the closer to the middle a carrier is set, the more load that team will carry.

If you can get one end up on a skid so it won't dig in, horsepower can pull the log back to the road. Rollers, either short logs cut on site or a contrivance mounted in a frame, can also help for short distances. What you really need, though, is a pair of wheels — big ones mounted on an axle that can straddle the log at its balance point, lift it, and roll it away. The straddling and rolling are obvious, but the lifting—not so much. Although some carts use a capstan or even a big iron screw to hoist the log, the simplest and most common solution employs the axle as a fulcrum and the long tongue of the cart as a lever.

Some timber carts have their axle in an arch. Lifting the tongue drops the top of the arched axle against the log so that they can be chained close together. Pulling down on the long tongue raises the arch and lifts the log with considerable mechanical advantage.

Lacking an arched axle, an extended tongue will also do the trick. Like a seesaw offset to balance unequal loads, the tongue mounts on the axle with about a fifth of its length extending to the back. Again, you straddle the log with the axle over the balance point. Lift the tongue so that the short extension drops to touch the log. Chain the log to this end and have everyone push down on the tongue — lifting the log. The log may be lifted, but it is not yet safely suspended. Should one of you step back to admire the work before you chain the log to the long end of the tongue, the others will be catapulted.

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