If pegs had shoulders, they'd be tenons. Tenon cutters were once an obscure wheelwright's tool, but the popularity of rustic furniture has brought a new generation of designs. For the wheelwright, the tenon cutter, also called a hollow auger, quickly shaped a precise, round tenon on the end of a spoke, ready to fit into a hole bored through the felly, a section of the circumference of the wheel. For the rustic furniture maker, hollow augers quickly terminate nature's shapes with simple symmetry. A curving branch of ironwood becomes the arm of a rustic chair with a perfectly round tenon to fit into the perfectly round mortise bored in the back post.
Tenon cutters work on end grain and may be engineered with bevel-up or bevel-down cutters. The wheelwright's tool is designed to leave a square shoulder to take a wagonload of pressure. The furniture maker's tools are shaped to leave beveled or rounded shoulders for a more gradual transition from nature to culture.
A tenon cutter won't start on a bare, square end. It requires just enough wood already fitting in the central hollow to keep the orbiting cutters from wandering off. Like a big, blunt pencil sharpener, the conical spoke pointer fits over the sharp-shouldered spoke and planes away an ever-widening shaving. You stop when the end is just a bit smaller than the tenon you want to cut. Smaller versions forged from a single piece of steel can point a dowel, or just take off its shoulders.
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There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.